Dengan mengutip pendapat Spencer (1993) dan Kazanas (1993 ), Asropi menjelaskan bahwa kompetensi kepemimpinan secara umum dipilah menurut jenjang, fungsi, atau bidang, yaitu kompetensi berupa: result orientation, influence, initiative, versatility, issue for high quality, technical knowledge, logical reasoning, theoretical reasoning, team job, solution alignment, interpersonal recognition, relationship building, cross cultural sensitivity, strategic reasoning, entrepreneurial orientation, building organizational dedication, dan empowering others, develiping others.With the "enormous assimilation"

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